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Romans 9:25-33

Talks for Growing Christians

God’s Plan Was to Have Gentiles and Jews Known as His People

Romans 9:25-33

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Lesson Number 29

Background Notes

Doctrinal Point(s)

  1. God's sovereign grace does extend to Gentiles as well as Jews
  2. God's sovereign grace does not exclude the need for faith.

Practical Application

  1. How long will you continue to stumble?

Questions

  1. What is the great doctrine of God presented in Romans Chapters 1-8?
  2. What is the good news of this doctrine?
  3. Why aren't more individual Jews becoming Christians?
  4. Is it a relatively new idea that God extended His grace to the Gentiles?
  5. What is the doctrine of the sovereignty of God?
  6. Does the doctrine of the sovereignty of God deny, negate or set aside the doctrine of responsibility of man? Jesus spoke to both of these doctrines.
  7. Who did the "vessels of mercy" include in Romans 9:23-24?

Answers

  1. It is the doctrine of justification by faith. The key to attaining righteousness is not the works of the law, but faith.
  2. The Lord Jesus Christ, the Son of God, died on the cross for the sins of the world. Anyone, Jew or Gentile, who comes by faith and receives Christ as personal Savior is given eternal life. This is the gospel.
  3. It was never God's intention to save all the Jews, only those who exercised faith.
  4. No. It was always God's intention, a part of His sovereign plan, to extend His grace to Gentiles.
  5. God is the ultimate authority in everything, including who is to be saved.
  6. No. Both doctrines are true and they run parallel courses through the Bible. Refer to John 3:16 ("whosoever") and John 6:44 ("the Father must draw them").
  7. The Gentiles as well as the Jews.

Discuss/Consider

  1. God, in His sovereign grace, has always reserved a remnant of Jewish believers. In His justice, God could have wiped them out many times, but even yet and in the future He will have a remnant. Consider this.
  2. Does God's sovereign grace exclude the need for faith?

Challenge

  1. Review the Practical Application, "How long will you continue to stumble?" How does this apply to the unbeliever? How does this apply to the believer? Which one applies to you? Do you know someone to whom Christ is a stone of stumbling?

Key Verses

  • "Gentiles, who did not pursue righteousness, have attained to righteousness, even the righteousness of faith; but Israel, pursuing the law of righteousness, has not attained to the law of righteousness. Why? Because they did not seek it by faith, but by the works of the law." Romans 9:30-32
  • ) "Behold, I lay in Zion a stumbling stone and a rock of offense, and whoever believes on Him will not be put to shame." Romans 9:33

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