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Psalm 89

Talks for Growing Christians

The Davidic Covenant is Affirmed

Psalm 89

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Lesson Number 65

Background Notes

Doctrinal Point(s)

  1. The Davidic Covenant rests on the character of God.
  2. The Davidic Covenant remains in spite of the character of man.

Practical Application

  1. Keep praying even when you don’t fully understand.

Questions

  1. What was the Davidic Covenant?
  2. In what way does the Davidic Covenant rest on the character of God?
  3. Who are the “sons of the mighty” in verse 6?
  4. Will the Davidic Covenant be fulfilled literally or spiritually?
  5. Could the Davidic Covenant be nullified or cancelled?

Answers

  1. In 2 Samuel 7, the Lord promises David that his throne will be established forever. Ultimately this promise was fulfilled in Christ, the eternal descendant of David.
  2. The validity of God’s promises to David are based upon God’s character. If God is not a God who keeps His word, the covenant means nothing. But because we know God’s character, we know His promises are sure.
  3. These are angels. They praise the Lord for His faithfulness, might, and supremacy.
  4. For the promise of the earthly reign of David’s descendants to be fulfilled literally, as intended in the Davidic Covenant, the Davidic throne must be reestablished here on this earth. This is not a heavenly throne or a reign over the hearts of believers in the church. The Davidic throne will be reestablished when the Lord returns to His literal, political, earthly kingdom.
  5. No. The Davidic Covenant would not be cancelled out even if the descendants of David turned away from the Lord, as many did. The Lord would have to discipline the offenders, but the covenant would remain.

Discuss/Consider

  1. Discuss why the character of God is important not only for the validity of the Davidic Covenant, but for all His promises to us as believers.

Challenge

  1. Ethan, the psalmist, had a problem understanding why God had allowed such a humiliating defeat of the Davidic king in view of the Davidic Covenant (verses 38-45). Ethan did the right thing by bringing it before the Lord in prayer. He kept praying even though he didn’t understand all that God was doing. Will you follow this example?

Key Verses

  • “I will sing of the mercies of the LORD forever; with my mouth will I make known Your faithfulness to all generations.” Psalm 89:1
  • “I have made a covenant with My chosen, I have sworn to My servant David: ‘Your seed I will establish forever, and build up your throne to all generations.’” Psalm 89:3-4
  • “Lord, where are Your former loving kindnesses, which You swore to David in Your truth?” Psalm 89:49

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