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Psalm 59

Talks for Growing Christians

David Under Siege in His own House

Psalm 59

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Lesson Number 44

Background Notes

Doctrinal Point(s)

  1. David’s experience in Psalm 59 is a primary source.
  2. David’s experience in Psalm 59 has a prophetic significance.

Practical Application

  1. Stand still and see the salvation of the Lord!

Questions

  1. What was the occasion for Psalm 59?
  2. What do we mean when we say that David’s experience in Psalm 59 is a primary source?
  3. How does David expand his viewpoint in verse 5?
  4. How does David’s experience here foreshadow the experience of his greater Son, the Lord Jesus?
  5. David’s experience of persecution is also prophetic of what other group?

Answers

  1. This psalm describes the time when King Saul sent men to watch the house of David to make sure that David did not escape. See 1 Samuel 19.
  2. We mean that this experience was written by David himself, as he was going through this trial. It was not a later secondary account written by a historian recounting the experience of David.
  3. David goes beyond his own situation of siege to the nations as a whole, and calls on the Lord to punish all the hostile foreign nations.
  4. King Saul’s assassins surrounding David like wild dogs remind us of our Lord’s experience on the cross as prophesied in Psalm 22:16. David’s experience of being under attack by his own countrymen also portrays the coming rejection of the Messiah by His own people (John 1:11).
  5. The godly Jewish remnant during the coming Tribulation Period of the last days

Discuss/Consider

  1. David, in the midst of all this distress, could sing of God’s love in the morning, after a peaceful night’s rest in the stronghold and refuge of God. Can you remember a time when you were distressed, but God gave you peace to sleep? Ask God for this the next time slumber escapes you.
  2. The next time you feel betrayed by a friend, think of the Lord Jesus. It is comforting to remember that He also experienced betrayal, so He can sympathize with your feelings. Read Hebrews 4:15 in this connection.

Challenge

  1. When the Children of Israel were fearful of the oncoming Egyptians, Moses told them to stand still and see the salvation of the Lord. David expresses a similar idea in Psalm 59:9. We too can be sure that the Lord will take action when we are under any kind of attack from the enemy. Stand still and see the salvation of the Lord!

Key Verses

  • “Deliver me from my enemies, O my God; defend me from those who rise up against me. Deliver me from the workers of iniquity, and save me from bloodthirsty men.” Psalms 59:1-2
  • “I will wait for You, O You his Strength; for God is my defense.” Psalms 59:9
  • “But I will sing of Your power; yes, I will sing aloud of Your mercy in the morning; for You have been my defense and refuge in the day of my trouble.” Psalms 59:16

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