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Psalms 132-134

Talks for Growing Christians

The Conclusion of the Psalms of Ascent

Psalms 132-134

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Lesson Number 95

Background Notes

Doctrinal Point(s)

  1. The Davidic Covenant was made in response to David’s priorities.
  2. The Davidic Covenant is fulfilled in reference to David’s progeny.

Practical Application

  1. Keep the Unity of the Spirit in the Bond of Peace.

Questions

  1. What were the Psalms of Ascent?
  2. Explain the role of Psalm 134 in the Psalms of Ascent.
  3. What desire of David is expressed in Psalm 132?
  4. What was the Lord’s response to David’s great desire?
  5. What is “progeny”? Where is Zion?

Answers

  1. The Psalms of Ascent are a collection of 15 psalms (Psalm 120-134) which were sung by the pilgrims going up to Jerusalem for the annual feasts of Israel.
  2. As the last psalm in the Psalms of Ascent, Psalm 134 is a fitting conclusion. It may have been chosen to be sung as the pilgrims departed from Jerusalem to go back home after the feasts. The priests and Levites who would remain in Jerusalem were exhorted in the song to bless the Lord continually on behalf of the nation.
  3. David had a passionate desire to build a great temple for the Lord in Jerusalem. David lost sleep (132:4) because of his occupation with plans for the Lord’s House.
  4. God said that He would build a house for David, that is, a dynasty, and it would continue as long as David’s descendants followed after the Lord (verses 132:10-12).
  5. Progeny is offspring or descendants. Zion refers to the city of Jerusalem.

Discuss/Consider

  1. Not all of David’s descendants followed the Lord faithfully (see Psalm 132:12). But the Davidic Covenant is still valid through Christ, a Son of David. Discuss how the Lord Jesus will fulfill the Davidic Covenant one day.
  2. Compare Ephesians 4:3 and Psalms 133. Unity amongst believers is pleasing to the Lord. What can you do to maintain unity with your fellow believers? What can you actively do to increase unity?

Challenge

  1. Psalm 134 speaks of the Levites serving at the Temple of the Lord at night. Is the worship of the Lord continual in your life?

Key Verses

  • “For the LORD has chosen Zion; He has desired it for His dwelling place.” Psalm 132:13
  • “Behold, how good and how pleasant it is for brethren to dwell together in unity!” Psalm 133:1
  • “Behold, bless the LORD, All you servants of the LORD, Who by night stand in the house of the LORD! Lift up your hands in the sanctuary, and bless the LORD.” Psalm 134:1-2

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