Psalms 126-127

Talks for Growing Christians

Restoration of Israel; The Importance of Knowing the Lord

Psalms 126-127

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Lesson Number 92

Background Notes

Doctrinal Point(s)

  1. The Lord can bring about great restorations.
  2. Without the Lord, life is fruitless.

Practical Application

  1. Are you willing to weep in order to win?
  2. Remember the balance of Scripture.


  1. These psalms are part of what larger collection of psalms?
  2. What is the occasion of Psalm 126?
  3. In what way is Psalm 126 prophetic?
  4. Who was the author of Psalm 127? Did he write any other psalms?
  5. What four areas of life does Solomon use to illustrate the point, “Without the Lord, life is fruitless”?


  1. They are a part of the 15 Psalms of Ascent, Psalms 120-134.
  2. This psalm seems to have been written after the Jews returned from their Babylonian captivity. But if this psalm were written by Hezekiah, over 150 years earlier, it would have been on the occasion of the great and miraculous deliverance of Jerusalem from the Assyrian invasion in 701 BC.
  3. Just as the Jewish people were restored following the Assyrian siege or the Babylonian captivity, so there will be a great restoration of Israel to the Lord and to the Land in the future.
  4. Psalm 127 was written by King Solomon. The only other psalm attributed to him is Psalm 72.
  5. House construction, police protection, daily work, and family life


  1. Psalm 126:5-6 speaks of weeping before winning – the hard work that must occur in order to attain your goal. What goals are you working towards in your life right now? In what ways have you been weeping before you can win?
  2. Psalm 127 teaches us that without the Lord, life is fruitless. Can you give examples of this from everyday life, as Solomon did?


  1. When we read certain verses, such as from Psalm 127, they could be taken to an extreme. It is important to remember the balance of Scripture in our application.

Key Verses

  • “Those who sow in tears shall reap in joy. He who continually goes forth weeping, bearing seed for sowing, shall doubtless come again with rejoicing, bringing his sheaves with him.” Psalm 126:5-6
  • “Unless the LORD builds the house, they labor in vain who build it; unless the LORD guards the city, the watchman stays awake in vain.” Psalm 127:1
  • “Behold, children are a heritage from the LORD, the fruit of the womb is a reward.” Psalm 127:3

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