Psalm 110

Talks for Growing Christians

The Coming Messiah seen as a King, Priest, and Warrior

Psalm 110

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Lesson Number 80

Background Notes

Doctrinal Point(s)

  1. The Messiah is a divine king.
  2. The Messiah is an eternal priest.
  3. The Messiah is a victorious warrior.

Practical Application

  1. Throne or footstool? That is the question!


  1. What is the most quoted psalm in the New Testament?
  2. What type of psalm is Psalm 110?
  3. Explain the two occurrences of “Lord” in verse 1.
  4. How could David call the Messiah Lord when He would be a descendant of David? See Matthew 22:41-45.
  5. Where is the Lord Jesus right now? When will He become our victorious warrior?


  1. Psalm 110. In fact, this psalm is quoted in the New Testament more than any other Old Testament passage. One commentator counted 33 quotations or allusions to Psalm 110.
  2. Psalm 110 is a pure prophetic Messianic psalm. This means it is not a typical Messianic psalm where some of the experiences of David are typical of the Messiah. Rather, this psalm is pure prophecy.
  3. The first LORD which may be in all caps in your Bible is a translation of the Hebrew “Yahweh” or “Jehovah,” referring to God the Father. The second Lord is the Hebrew “Adonai” meaning Lord or Master and refers to the Messiah.
  4. The Messiah would be David’s human descendant and the divine Lord. That is, the Messiah would be both Human and divine. New Testament authors quoted this verse to prove the deity of Jesus.
  5. Right now the Lord Jesus is at the right hand of the Father in heaven (verse 5). But He will come back to this earth in judgment, as a victorious warrior, in order to establish His kingdom of righteousness.


  1. Discuss how the Messiah will be our eternal King-Priest since He is “in the order of Melchizedek” rather than the order of Aaron. What does it mean to have the Lord representing us before the Father as our Savior and Priest?
  2. Think about the Lord as our divine king, eternal priest, and victorious warrior. Which of these pictures of Christ is most meaningful to you in this point of your life as a believer?


  1. Will you sit with the Lord on His throne, ruling over the nations? Or will you be part of the footstool of Christ, under His feet and His enemy? There is no middle ground. You are either for the Lord or against the Lord.

Key Verses

  • “The LORD said to my Lord, ‘Sit at My right hand, till I make Your enemies Your footstool.’” Psalm 110:1
  • “The LORD has sworn and will not relent, ‘You are a priest forever according to the order of Melchizedek.’” Psalm 110:4

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