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Psalm 105

Talks for Growing Christians

A Psalm of the Abrahamic Covenant

Psalm 105

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Lesson Number 76

Background Notes

Doctrinal Point(s)

  1. The Abrahamic Covenant was confirmed by God’s protection of His people.
  2. The Abrahamic Covenant was confirmed by God’s preservation of His people.
  3. The Abrahamic Covenant was confirmed by God’s provision for His people.

Practical Application

  1. Don’t miss the prophetic picture of Christ in Psalm 105!

Questions

  1. Where do we find a psalm similar to Psalm 105 elsewhere in Scripture?
  2. Where in Scripture do we find God’s unconditional covenant with Abraham? What are three core promises of this covenant?
  3. What three things does the psalmist emphasize about the covenant here?
  4. What usually happens when a people group is relocated to another nation?
  5. Where can we find a prophetic picture of Christ in Psalm 105?

Answers

  1. Verses 1-15 of this psalm are almost identical to 1 Chronicles 16:8-22 which was David’s hymn of thanksgiving and praise when he brought the Ark of the Covenant up to Jerusalem. This is a strong indication that David was the author of this psalm.
  2. The Abrahamic Covenant is first found in Genesis 12 and is confirmed to his descendants many times thereafter. Three key elements of this covenant include: 1) He would have innumerable natural descendants that would never perish from the earth. 2) His descendants would be given the land where he lived and more – from the River of Egypt to the Euphrates River. 3) The nations that blessed Abraham’s descendants would be blessed, and those who did not bless his descendants would not be blessed.
  3. 1) The permanence of the covenant 2) It was confirmed with Isaac and Jacob 3) The land portion of the covenant was emphasized
  4. They assimilate with the people of that nation and lose their distinct identity as a culture. Yet God has supernaturally preserved the Jewish people down through time.
  5. The description of Joseph in verses 17-21 is recognized as a type or spiritual picture of Christ.

Discuss/Consider

  1. Psalm 105 describes God’s care and protection of the patriarchs and of Joseph as a confirmation of the Abrahamic Covenant. Discuss how God has continued to protect the Jewish people throughout history, even up to this last century in the State of Israel.
  2. Reread Psalm 105:37-45 and discuss how God provided for His people when He brought them out of Egypt. He did this so His people would be free to “observe His statutes and keep His laws.” How does God provide for His people today, for the same purpose?

Challenge

  1. In Luke 24:27, Christ taught the disciples on the road to Emmaus that all Old Testament Scripture pointed forward to Himself. Looking for these references to Christ is a great way to study the Old Testament, including the Psalms.

Key Verses

  • “Remember His marvelous works which He has done, His wonders, and the judgments of His mouth, O seed of Abraham His servant, You children of Jacob, His chosen ones!” Psalm 105:5-6
  • “For He remembered His holy promise, and Abraham His servant. He brought out His people with joy, His chosen ones with gladness. He gave them the lands of the Gentiles, and they inherited the labor of the nations, that they might observe His statutes and keep His laws. Praise the LORD!” Psalm 105:42-45

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