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Nehemiah 7:5-6

Talks for Growing Christians

Proving the Birthright

Nehemiah 7:5-6

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Lesson Number 22

Background Notes

Doctrinal Point(s)

  1. There must be proof of the birthright.

Practical Application

  1. Are you sure of your birthright?
  2. We should emphasize the gospel in our ministry.

Questions

  1. List the three phases of the Exile.
  2. List the three phases of the Return.
  3. How is the 70-year captivity reckoned?
  4. Why did the Jews of Nehemiah’s day have to prove their birthright?
  5. What happened to the Jews who could not prove their birthright?
  6. What does it mean to be “a partaker of the divine birthright”?

Answers

  1. Phase 1: Daniel and others were taken into captivity (605BC) Phase 2: Ezekiel taken into captivity (597BC) Phase 3: Temple destroyed (587-586BC).
  2. Phase 1: 50,000 Jews returned under Zerubbabel(538BC), Temple rebuilt (516BC) Phase 2: Ezra returned with 2,000 more Jews (458BC) Phase 3: Nehemiah returned and the city walls were rebuilt (445BC).
  3. In 2 ways: a. 605-535BC (in 605BC the first phase of the captivity began; in 535BC the rebuilding of the temple began) b. 586-516BC (the Temple was destroyed in 586BC, and rebuilding was completed in 516BC).
  4. Because non-Jewish enemies were infiltrating the ranks.
  5. They were excluded from the genealogy list.
  6. When a person repents and confesses his sin, and asks Jesus Christ to be his Savior, God forgives his sins. The believer receives divine life, becoming a partaker of the life of Christ (1 Peter 1:4), and is assured of a home in heaven.

Discuss/Consider

  1. Why do some people rely on good deeds, tithing, being a church member, or “being good” as their ticket to heaven? Do these things impress God? Review Matthew 7:22-23.
  2. What happens to professing believers who are not true possessors of the birthright? Does this concern you enough to share the above verses with them?

Challenge

  1. Do you have proof of your birthright as a believer? Read 2 Corinthians 13:5 and Romans 8:1, 5-6, 9, 14.

Key Verses

  • “He has given us new birth…and an inheritance that can never perish.” 1 Peter 1:3-4

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