Mark 12:1-12

Talks for Growing Christians

The Parable of the Vineyard

Mark 12:1-12

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Lesson Number 49

Background Notes

Doctrinal Point(s)

  1. The nation of Israel was worse than a fruitless vineyard.
  2. The Lord predicted the Gentile Church in this parable.

Practical Application

  1. Let's be willing to talk about the wrath of God and hell.
  2. Let's try to influence society to support biblical values.


  1. To whom was Jesus speaking in parables
  2. Who were the landlords and owners of large estates in Palestine?
  3. How did the Palestinian workers pay rent to the landlords?
  4. How did the owners protect the vineyards?
  5. Who/what was represented here: a) the absentee owner and landlord, b) the vineyard, c) the wall, d) the servants, and e) the beloved son?
  6. Did the landlord expect a harvest?
  7. What was predicted in this parable?
  8. From what Psalm was Mark 12:10-11 taken?


  1. The religious leaders.
  2. Wealthy Roman foreigners, who leased the estates to Jewish farmers.
  3. With a portion of the crop.
  4. By building a watchtower.
  5. a) God, b) the nation Israel, c) the law, d) God's prophets, e) the Lord Jesus
  6. Yes. In preparation, he had a winepress and had dug a vat.
  7. The death of Jesus Christ, His resurrection, the removal of God's chosen people from their place of privilege, and the formation of the Gentile church.
  8. Psalm 118:22-23, a messianic psalm.


  1. Of what building is Jesus Christ the cornerstone? Look up Bible references to the cornerstone.
  2. Have you tried to influence society to support biblical values? If so, how? If not, how might you do this?


  1. Do you shy away from speaking to people about the wrath of God? About hell? Think about the consequences to those who reject the Lord Jesus Christ as Savior. Re-read this parable, and refer to John 3:36.

Key Verses

  • "Have you not read this Scripture, 'The stone which the builders rejected has become the chief cornerstone.' This was the Lord's doing, and it is marvelous in our eyes?" (Mark 12:10-11)

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