Luke 22:39-53

Talks for Growing Christians

The Lord’s Arrest and Trial; Peter’s Three Denials

Luke 22:39-53

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Lesson Number 56

Background Notes

Doctrinal Point(s)

  1. The denial of Peter was predicted by the Lord.
  2. The derision of people was predicted by the Lord.
  3. The delegation of power was predicted by the Lord.

Practical Application

  1. Remember, it’s not wrong to pray for a cup of suffering to be removed.


  1. The Lord asked His disciples to pray so that they would not enter into temptation (verse 40). What temptation?
  2. What did the Lord mean by “this cup” in verse 42?
  3. What were the two phases of the Lord’s trial?
  4. Who was guilty of shamefully mistreating the Lord?
  5. On what basis did the Sanhedrin convict the Lord Jesus?


  1. The temptation to give up and forsake the Lord when the going got tough
  2. The cup was more than just the physical sufferings of our Lord on the cross. The cup involved all the suffering that was associated with the sinless Son of God taking upon Himself the penalty for our sins, experiencing the wrath of God and temporary separation from the Father.
  3. He had a religious trial and a civil trial.
  4. Both the Jewish religious leaders and later the Roman soldiers
  5. They prodded the Lord to declare that He was God, which to them was blasphemy and worthy of death. They refused to consider that our Lord’s claims were true.


  1. What do you think was going through Peter’s mind when people pointed at him and said he was a follower of Jesus? What do you think went through Peter’s mind when he heard the rooster crow and saw the Lord’s face? What was the lesson for Peter and for us?
  2. By their power the Sanhedrin had the Lord convicted and delivered to Rome to be crucified. But by God’s power, the Lord would be resurrected and He would ascend to heaven and be seated at the right hand of the power of God. We serve a mighty God whose ways are far above the ways of man. Have you acknowledge and thanked Him for His sovereign power lately?


  1. It’s not wrong for us to pray for a cup of suffering to be removed, as the Lord did. It is not a sign of weakness or ungodliness. It is critical however that we have the attitude, “Not my will, but Yours be done.”

Key Verses

  • “Father, if it is Your will, take this cup away from Me; nevertheless not My will, but Yours, be done.” Luke 22:42
  • "When I was with you daily in the temple, you did not try to seize Me. But this is your hour, and the power of darkness.” Luke 22:53
  • “Then they all said, ‘Are You then the Son of God?’ So He said to them, ‘You rightly say that I am.’” Luke 22:70

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