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Luke 22:1-38

Talks for Growing Christians

The Lord’s Supper Instituted; Peter’s Denial Predicted

Luke 22:1-38

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Lesson Number 55

Background Notes

Doctrinal Point(s)

  1. The institution of the Lord’s Supper was during the last Passover.
  2. The prediction of Peter’s denial was after a dispute about greatness.

Practical Application

  1. Be prepared for opposition!

Questions

  1. How did the Lord spend His final week?
  2. Review the little lesson on the Jewish calendar which leads us to the conclusion that Jesus was crucified on a Friday.
  3. How are the sovereignty of God and the responsibility of man both taught in verse 22?
  4. What was the Lord’s meaning in verses 19-20?
  5. How can you be great in God’s kingdom?

Answers

  1. He spent the days teaching the people in the Temple courts.
  2. Passover was on the 14th of the Hebrew month of Nisan, followed by 7 days of the Feast of Unleavened Bread. But because the two feasts went together, the Passover would also be called the 1st day of Unleavened Bread (verse 7). We believe that the Lord was crucified on the 14th of Nisan at the time when the Passover lambs were sacrificed. Since the day began with sunset the night before, verse 7 would indicate that the Lord and His disciples made preparations to celebrate the Passover meal on Thursday evening and the Lord was crucified on Friday.
  3. It was predetermined that the Lord would go to the cross – the sovereignty of God. But Judas was held responsible for his betrayal – the responsibility of man.
  4. The Lord meant that the bread and the wine represent His body and blood. He said this while He was still in His body, before He went to the cross.
  5. Be a servant to others.

Discuss/Consider

  1. Discuss the encouragement we can pull from the Lord’s prediction of Peter’s denial. The Lord prays for us as He prayed for Peter. Satan cannot tempt us or touch us in any way without God’s permission.
  2. After Peter boasted that he would follow the Lord to prison and to death the Lord had to humble him by predicting his denial. The Lord has to humble us as well when we think more of ourselves than we should. Give an example of this from your life. Refer to 1 Corinthians 10:12.

Challenge

  1. Be prepared for opposition as you preach the gospel and do the Lord’s work.

Key Verses

  • “And the chief priests and the scribes sought how they might kill Him, for they feared the people.” Luke 22:2

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