Leviticus 5:1-6:7

Talks for Growing Christians

Sins Requiring a Sin Offering; The Trespass Offering

Leviticus 5:1-6:7

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Lesson Number 5

Background Notes

Doctrinal Point(s)

  1. The Trespass Offering involved making restitution to the injured party.
  2. The Trespass Offering is a spiritual picture of the sacrifice of Christ- a payment that restores more than what was lost.

Practical Application

  1. Let’s practice more than full restitution.


  1. When was the sin offering required, as described in Leviticus 4?
  2. What concessions did God make for the poor people to enable them to bring a Sin Offering?
  3. Describe the significant difference between the Trespass Offering and the Sin Offering.
  4. How does Psalm 69:4 relate to the Trespass Offering?


  1. Whenever sin was committed- including unintentional sin as well as intentional sin. Remember there was no sacrifice for defiant sin (Numbers 15).
  2. God in His grace accepted a less expensive sacrifice as a Sin Offering from the poor people of the land (verses 7-13).
  3. In the Trespass Offering not only the committed sins are in view, but the consequences of those sins as well. In addition to bringing the sacrifice of a ram, the offender had to make full restitution plus 20% to the wronged party, either God or man.
  4. In the restitution plus 20% of the Trespass Offering we see typified that aspect of the work of Christ by which He restored that which He did not take away.


  1. Discuss the spiritual picture of the Trespass Offering, that the Lord Jesus not only paid the penalty for our acts of sin, but He also took care of the bad fallout associated with our sin as well. Can you think of an example of this from your own life?


  1. Today we are no longer under the Mosaic Law, but the moral principles still apply. When we wrong someone we should not only confess our sin – even if it was unintentional – but also make it right. And to make it right we should practice more than full restitution.

Key Verses

  • “Then it shall be, because he has sinned and is guilty, that he shall restore what he has stolen, or the thing which he has extorted, or what was delivered to him for safekeeping, or the lost thing which he found, or all that about which he has sworn falsely. He shall restore its full value, add one-fifth more to it, and give it to whomever it belongs, on the day of his trespass offering.” Leviticus 6:4-5

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