John 19:28-37

Talks for Growing Christians

The Crucifixion & Death of the Lord Jesus

John 19:28-37

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Lesson Number 83

Background Notes

Doctrinal Point(s)

  1. False doctrine is refuted by the “It is finished” of John 19:30.
  2. False doctrine is refuted by the blood and water of John 19:34.

Practical Application

  1. Let’s take a balanced approach to the spiritualization of Scripture.


  1. What is the “after this” of John 19:28?
  2. Of which of the Psalms is Jesus’ cry, “I thirst,” a fulfillment?
  3. Why didn’t the Jews want the bodies of those crucified to be left on the crosses overnight?
  4. Why did the Romans break the legs of those crucified?
  5. Why didn’t the Roman soldiers break Jesus’ legs?
  6. How is false doctrine refuted by “It is finished”?
  7. How is false doctrine refuted by the blood and the water?


  1. The three hours of darkness, when Jesus was suffering under the wrath of God for the payment of our sins.
  2. Psalm 22:15 and Psalm 69:21.
  3. It would defile the land according to the law. (Deuteronomy 21:22-23).
  4. It would hasten death, when the crucified one could not lift himself up to breathe, and therefore he would suffocate.
  5. He was already dead. Unknown to them, this was a fulfillment of Exodus 12:46. Instead, they pierced His side with a spear, a fulfillment of Zechariah 12:10, which will be fulfilled in the day when the Jews will look on their Messiah whom they have pierced.
  6. It was a cry of victory when the Lord Jesus voluntarily gave up His spirit. “It is finished,” means to pay a debt in full. The Lord Jesus Christ had finished the work of paying the penalty for sin.
  7. It proved that Christ was fully human and that He really died, which refuted the heresy of Docetism, which purported that Christ did not become flesh and blood, but only appeared as a man.


  1. Do you take a balanced view of the spiritualization of Scripture? What is a balanced view of Scripture?
  2. Have you taken a good look recently at what Jesus did for you on the cross?


  1. What does “It is finished” really mean to you?

Key Verses

  • “Jesus, knowing that all things were now accomplished, that the Scripture might be fulfilled said, ‘I thirst!’” John 19:28
  • “Jesus said, ‘It is finished!’ And bowing His head, He gave up His spirit.” John 19:30
  • “When the soldiers came to Jesus and saw that He was already dead, they did not break His legs. But one of the soldiers pierced His side with a spear, and immediately blood and water came out.” John 19:33-34

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