Isaiah 60-61

Talks for Growing Christians

Israel during the Millennium; A Prophetic Glimpse of the Messiah

Isaiah 60-61

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Lesson Number 47

Background Notes

Doctrinal Point(s)

  1. In the Millennium, Gentile nations will honor Israel.
  2. In the Old Testament prophecies, the two advents of Christ are not separated.

Practical Application

  1. Let’s be willing to admit that we don’t know all the details.
  2. Let’s dress properly for the coming celebration.


  1. Why do we refer to the Lord’s future worldwide kingdom as the “millennial kingdom”?
  2. What would be a fitting title for Isaiah 60, and why?
  3. Isaiah 60:10-14 speaks of foreign money pouring into Jerusalem to build up Israel and beautify the Temple. Why will all this wealth and honor come to Israel from the Gentile nations who once despised and afflicted her?
  4. How do we know for certain that Isaiah 61:1 refers to the first coming of Christ?
  5. Why did the Lord stop quoting Isaiah 61 in the middle of verse 2?


  1. Because this kingdom will last for 1000 years according to Revelation 20.
  2. “The Tables will be Turned.” During the Times of the Gentiles that the Lord spoke of in Luke 21:24, Jerusalem and the Jewish people would be under the foot of the Gentile nations. But one day that time will come to an end and the nation of Israel will be restored to her God-given role of being a spiritual and moral light to the nations.
  3. Because in that day these Gentile nations will be believing nations. They will be thankful to Israel as the means of their blessing.
  4. Because the Lord Himself quoted this Scripture in the synagogue at Nazareth and said that it was fulfilled at that time. See Luke 4:16-20.
  5. Because everything He read up through “proclaim the acceptable year of the LORD” was fulfilled with His first coming. But the second part – “the day of vengeance of our God” – and the remainder of chapter 61 awaits the return of the Lord to be fulfilled.


  1. We are currently living in the Times of the Gentiles. How does this understanding help you view the current situation in the Middle East and the attempts at peace there?
  2. Take a moment to draw a “mountain-top diagram” showing how only the “peaks” of the Lord’s comings were seen from the perspective of the Old Testament prophet. The “valleys” of intervening time, including our current Church Age, were not visible to the prophets. Thus we frequently find in the Old Testament prophecies, the two advents of Christ are not separated.


  1. We read of there no longer being any need for the light of the sun and moon because the Lord is the Light in Isaiah 59:19-20. The details of how all these prophecies will work out are hard to explain at times- and that’s okay! Let’s be willing to admit that we don’t know all the details.

Key Verses

  • “Violence shall no longer be heard in your land, neither wasting nor destruction within your borders; but you shall call your walls Salvation, and your gates Praise.” Isaiah 60:18
  • “The Spirit of the Lord GOD is upon Me, because the LORD has anointed Me to preach good tidings to the poor; He has sent Me to heal the brokenhearted, to proclaim liberty to the captives, and the opening of the prison to those who are bound; to proclaim the acceptable year of the LORD, and the day of vengeance of our God.” Isaiah 61:1-2

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