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Isaiah 4

Talks for Growing Christians

Jerusalem During the Future Millennial Kingdom of Christ

Isaiah 4

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Lesson Number 5

Background Notes

Doctrinal Point(s)

  1. Spiritual conditions will be different during the Millennium.
  2. Physical conditions will be different during the Millennium.

Practical Application

  1. Try describing summer to a person who has only known winter.

Questions

  1. What are the consequences of rebellion against the Lord (Isaiah 3)?
  2. What historical background will help us understand Isaiah 4:1?
  3. Who is the “Branch of the Lord”? What other prophetic passages use this title?
  4. How do amillennialists interpret Old Testament passages such as this?
  5. What is the meaning of verses 5 and 6?

Answers

  1. When people rebel against the Lord there is the breakdown of society, the judgment of society, and the humbling of society.
  2. When the Babylonian forces besieged and conquered Jerusalem in the 6th century B.C., there was a shortage of men in Judah, because so many had been killed.
  3. The “Branch of the Lord” is one of the messianic titles of the Lord Jesus. He is a branch in the genealogical tree of David. See also Jeremiah 23:5-6 and Zechariah 6:12-13.
  4. They spiritual or allegorize these prophetic passages and make them apply to the Church today.
  5. There will be topographical changes in the physical condition around Jerusalem, the headquarters and capital of our Lord’s millennial reign.

Discuss/Consider

  1. Spiritual conditions will be different during the Millennium. Discuss who will be present in Christ’s literal earthly kingdom.
  2. Discuss what the motivation may be for amillennialists to spiritualize prophetic passages, rather than acknowledge that God is able to fulfill them literally.

Challenge

  1. When we talk about how everything is going to be so different in the future, some folks have a hard time grasping the truth that such changes are possible. Remember this illustration: Try describing summer to a person who has only known winter.

Key Verses

  • “In that day the Branch of the LORD shall be beautiful and glorious; and the fruit of the earth shall be excellent and appealing for those of Israel who have escaped.” Isaiah 4:2
  • “And it shall come to pass that he who is left in Zion and remains in Jerusalem will be called holy.” Isaiah 4:3

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