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Isaiah 14:24-16:14

Talks for Growing Christians

Judgment on Assyria, Philistia, and Moab

Isaiah 14:24-16:14

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Lesson Number 17

Background Notes

Doctrinal Point(s)

  1. The Lord pronounced judgment on Assyria.
  2. The Lord pronounced judgment against Philistia.
  3. The Lord pronounced judgment against Moab.

Practical Application

  1. Don’t think that God is happy about judgment.

Questions

  1. What is the theme of this section of Isaiah?
  2. How did the topic of Satan fit into the first half of Isaiah14?
  3. What did we learn about Assyria in Isaiah 10?
  4. Where was Philistia?
  5. Where was Moab? Who were these people?
  6. Why was God judging Moab?

Answers

  1. Isaiah 13-23 contains God’s judgment pronounced upon the foreign nations surrounding Judah.
  2. Satan was the evil power source behind the pagan king of Babylon denounced in Isaiah 14. Likewise he is operating behind evil world rulers today.
  3. In Isaiah 10 we saw that God used Assyria as His ax, club, and rod of discipline on His people, Israel. But in chapter 14 it was Assyria’s turn for judgment because of her cruel and ungodly ways.
  4. Philistia was located southwest of Judah along the Mediterranean Sea, where Gaza is today.
  5. Moab was the foreign nation east of Judah on the other side of the southern half of the Dead Sea. The Moabites were the descendants of Lot through his incestuous relationship with one of his daughters (see Genesis 19).
  6. Because of Moab’s pride (verse 6). God hates pride and hypocrisy – then and today.

Discuss/Consider

  1. Discuss the historical (Isaiah 37) and eschatological (Micah 5:5) aspects of the prophecy of judgment against Assyria.
  2. Review and explain Isaiah 16:1-5. Judah is exhorted to show mercy to the Moabite refugees and to provide a hiding place for them. As application, how can you seek out and care for refugees in your life, whether literally or figuratively?

Challenge

  1. Because of God’s character, He must judge sin. But He is not happy about it. The next time you are facing God’s judgment, remember that He does not take pleasure in judging you, but He does it because of His love.

Key Verses

  • “That I will break the Assyrian in My land, and on My mountains tread him underfoot. Then his yoke shall be removed from them, and his burden removed from their shoulders.” Isaiah 14:25
  • “In mercy the throne will be established; and one will sit on it in truth, in the tabernacle of David, judging and seeking justice and hastening righteousness.” Isaiah 16:5

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