Exodus 24

Talks for Growing Christians

The Covenant Ratified; The Glory of the Lord Revealed

Exodus 24

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Lesson Number 28

Background Notes

Doctrinal Point(s)

  1. The Covenant of the Law was ratified by the people.
  2. The Glory of the Lord was revealed to the people.

Practical Application

  1. Remember the lesson of Nadab and Abihu.


  1. Why were so many laws included in the Mosaic Law?
  2. How did the coming of Christ affect the law?
  3. How did the people ratify or approve God’s covenant?
  4. What did the sprinkling of blood mean?
  5. Did Aaron, his sons, and the seventy elders really see God?
  6. Who were Nadab and Abihu? What happened to them?


  1. For the protection and regulation of the Jewish society
  2. With the coming of Christ the law was terminated as the means of approach to God. The law could not provide righteousness because no one could keep the Law. Romans 10:4
  3. The people agreed to the terms of God’s laws and offered burnt offerings. Moses took the blood from the offerings and sprinkled it on the altar and on the people.
  4. It meant that if the people broke the covenant and did not keep their word, it was at the price of blood. The penalty was death.
  5. No one has ever seen the essence of Deity, but God has at times revealed Himself in various forms with varying degrees of glory, as here in Exodus 24.
  6. Nadab and Abihu were sons of Aaron, and priests of Israel. Leviticus 10 records them offering “strange fire” to the Lord, and they died.


  1. The Children of Israel were not allowed to go on the mountain where God was. Aaron and his sons and seventy elders of Israel were permitted to go up a ways with Moses and worship God from afar. Only Moses was allowed to go further up the mountain and come near to the Lord to worship. Contrast this with the way believers now are to approach God in worship. Hebrews 10:19, 22.
  2. Clouds play an important role in the Children of Israel’s history. God lead the people through the wilderness with a pillar of cloud. Here the glory cloud of the Lord appeared as a consuming fire at the top of Mount Sinai. Later this glory cloud would rest on the tabernacle. Can you think of some passages involving clouds in the New Testament?


  1. Being a Christian with great privileges and position does not keep you free from failure. Remember the lesson of Nadab and Abihu.

Key Verses

  • “All the words which the LORD has said we will do.” Exodus 24:3
  • “And Moses took the blood, sprinkled it on the people.” Exodus 24:8
  • “The sight of the glory of the LORD was like a consuming fire on the top of the mountain in the eyes of the children of Israel.” Exodus 24:17

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