Exodus 12:1-36

Talks for Growing Christians

The Passover and the Feast of Unleavened Bread

Exodus 12:1-36

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Lesson Number 13

Background Notes

Doctrinal Point(s)

  1. The Passover Lamb is a spiritual picture of God’s Lamb of Sacrifice.
  2. The Passover Feast is a spiritual picture of God’s plan of salvation.

Practical Application

  1. Don’t carry types too far.


  1. What prompted Pharaoh to finally let the Children of Israel go?
  2. Why were the Children of Israel protected from the plague?
  3. What Jewish festival was instituted the night of the Israelites’ Exodus?
  4. In the Bible, leaven is a symbol of what? Why did the Israelites rid their homes of leaven?
  5. What qualifications did the Passover lamb have to meet?
  6. What is a “type”?


  1. After the tenth plague, the death of the firstborn, the Egyptians actually urged the Israelites to leave.
  2. Because they followed God’s instructions to apply the blood of a slain lamb to the doors of their homes.
  3. The Feast of Passover. The Feast of Unleavened Bread was also instituted at this time.
  4. It is symbolic of corruption and evil. By sweeping the leaven out of their homes, the Israelites were making a spiritual picture of the life that believers should live in separation from evil.
  5. It had to be a lamb from either the sheep or the goats. It had to be without blemish, a male in its first year. The lamb would be on display for four days to confirm it met the requirements.
  6. A type is an Old Testament person, place, thing, or event, which illustrates a New Testament truth.


  1. The Passover lamb is a beautiful symbol of God’s sacrificial Lamb, the Lord Jesus. Discuss the ways the lamb pointed forward to Christ. Refer to John 1:29, 1 Corinthians 5:7, and Hebrews 9:22.
  2. The Passover Feast commemorated and celebrated Israel’s redemption from their bondage and slavery in Egypt. We can see parallels between this and our salvation as believers. Discuss the spiritual picture here.


  1. Read 1 Peter 1:18-19 and praise the Lord that, “you were not redeemed with corruptible things, like silver or gold… but with the precious blood of Christ, as of a lamb without blemish and without spot”!

Key Verses

  • “And when I see the blood, I will pass over you.” Exodus 12:13
  • “And it shall be, when your children say to you, ‘What do you mean by this service?’ that you shall say, ‘It is the Passover sacrifice of the LORD.’” Exodus 12:26-27
  • “And the Egyptians urged the people, that they might send them out of the land in haste.” Exodus 12:33

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