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1 Chronicles 17

Talks for Growing Christians

The Davidic Covenant

1 Chronicles 17

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Lesson Number 11

Background Notes

Doctrinal Point(s)

  1. The Davidic Covenant is an unconditional covenant.
  2. The Davidic throne is an earthly throne.

Practical Application

  1. Let’s have the same attitude as David.

Questions

  1. What was Nathan, the prophet’s, response when David first told him of his plans to build the Temple?
  2. Why was David not God’s chosen man to build the Temple? Who would build it?
  3. The Davidic Covenant is an unconditional covenant. What does this mean?
  4. So why is there no king reigning in Israel today?
  5. What New Testament passage confirms God’s future plans for Israel?
  6. In whom is the Davidic Covenant fulfilled?

Answers

  1. Nathan thought it was a good idea, and encouraged David to proceed. David’s desire was good and honorable and his heart was right, but David was not God’s choice to build the Temple.
  2. Because David had been a warrior and had shed much blood, the Lord chose his son Solomon to build the Temple in a time of peace and quiet in Israel.
  3. It means that no matter what David’s descendants would do or not do, the Davidic dynasty would continue forever.
  4. Because the Mosaic covenant was conditional. Because Israel did not follow the Lord, but forsook Him, the nation forfeited the blessings of the Law and reaped the curses of the Law. But the Mosaic covenant also stipulated that if God’s people would return to the Lord, after having forsaken Him, God would graciously restore His people (Deuteronomy 30).
  5. Romans 11 assures us that the time will come when Israel as a nation will return to the Lord. The Lord will not only restore them to their ancient homeland as a secular nation, which has already happened, but He will also change their heart of unbelief and restore them to Himself.
  6. The Davidic Covenant is fulfilled in Christ. The Lord Jesus, as Israel’s Messiah, was born in the line of David and Solomon (Revelation 22:16). In Him the Davidic dynasty has not ended and never will.

Discuss/Consider

  1. David’s desire to build the Temple was honorable and commendable. Yet it was not God’s will for him to build it. Have you ever had a desire to do something great for the Lord, but then found He had other plans for you? Did you respond as graciously as David?
  2. Discuss whether the unending Davidic throne is a literal throne on earth or some kind of spiritual throne in heaven or in the Church. Why is this an important distinction?

Challenge

  1. Read verses 16 and 18. Take some time to reflect upon God’s amazing grace to you.

Key Verses

  • “He shall build Me a house, and I will establish his throne forever.” 1 Chronicles 17:12
  • “So let it be established, that Your name may be magnified forever, saying, ‘The LORD of hosts, the God of Israel, is Israel’s God.’ And let the house of Your servant David be established before You.” 1 Chronicles 17:24

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